Background/Aims: Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is a common pediatric hemolytic anemia caused by congenital red blood cell defects. HS due to ankyrin 1 (ANK1) mutations is the most common type. We explored an ANK1 mutation from an HS patient and reviewed the literature. Methods: We detected the mutation in a Chinese family in which 2 members were diagnosed with HS by next-generation sequencing. The proband was diagnosed with HS in the newborn period, based on clinical manifestations, laboratory data, and family history. The mutation spectrum of the ANK1 gene was summarized based on 85 patients diagnosed with HS carrying ANK1 mutations, and the ANK1 mutation spectrum was summarized and analyzed. Results: We identified a novel mutation affecting ANK1 gene splicing (a splicing mutation) in both the patient and her mother, which is a substitution of T>G 2 nt after exon 25 in intron 26. The study expands our knowledge of the ANK1 gene mutation spectrum, providing a molecular basis for HS. Conclusion: A novel ANK1 mutation (NM_000037.3, c.2960+2T>G, intron 26) that is potentially associated with HS was identified. To date, 80 ANK1 mutations have been reported to be associated with HS in humans.

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