Aim: The objective of this study was to investigate a possible correlation between the plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) polymorphisms and unexplained spontaneous miscarriages (SM). Materials and Methods: PAI-1 polymorphisms were evaluated in 150 women with pregnancy in their history. One hundred women with a history of SM formed the study group and 50 women with normal pregnancies served as the control group. Also, the combination of PAI-1 and MTHFR polymorphisms were evaluated in 138 women out of a total of 150, which included 92 women with SM in their history compared to 46 women in the control group. For statistical analysis, χ2 test, Phi, and Cramer V tests were used; p < 0.05 was taken as a statistically significant result. Results: Our findings show: (a) the correlation between SM and PAI-1 mutations reaches statistical significance (p = 0.026); (b) there was a statistically significant difference between heterozygous PAI-1 in women with only 1 SM compared to the control group (p = 0.047); (c) the comparison of combinations of both mutations, PAI-1 and MTHFR, with the control group demonstrates statistical significance in favor of women with SM and both mutations (p = 0.022). Conclusion: PAI-1 and MTHFR polymorphisms may play an important role in pregnancy complications because heterozygous PAI-1 mutations and a combination of both PAI-1 and MTHFR mutations might contribute to SM.

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.