Recurrence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma more than 5 years after the initial diagnosis is rare. When late relapse occurs, it is difficult to determine whether it is a true recurrence or a new lesion. We experienced a case of an 81-year-old woman who developed central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma 12 years after remission of ocular adnexal lymphoma. Both showed the histology of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. To elucidate whether the CNS lymphoma was clonally related to the first lymphoma, rearrangement of the immunoglobulin heavy chain genes of each lymphoma was studied using a polymerase chain reaction-based method. The results revealed that the sizes of the amplified products of the rearranged regions from the two lymphomas were different. This suggested different clonal origins of the lymphomas. It is clinically important to determine the origin of a second neoplasm because patients with a clonally related second lymphoma are usually treated with more intensive regimens, while those with a clonally unrelated lymphoma receive standard first-line therapy. The present case shows that, in the case of recurrent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, not only histological confirmation but also genetic assessment is important to clarify the origin of the second lymphoma.

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.