Introduction: Aberrant expression of T-cell markers is occasionally observed in B-cell lymphomas. We conducted a retrospective study to establish its incidence and to determine its relationship with clinical features of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Patients and Methods: We reviewed DLBCL patients diagnosed between January 2002 and April 2009. Patients fulfilled the following criteria: (1) age >18 years, (2) HIV negative, (3) B-cell lymphoma confirmed by restricted expression of surface immunoglobulin light chains by flow cytometry (FCM). Aberrant T-cell marker expression (ATCME) was defined as positivity for CD2, CD3, CD4, CD7, and/or CD8 on DLBCL cells by FCM. Phenotyping was also performed by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Patients were grouped according to positive or negative ATCME and their clinical features including survival were compared. Results: Of 150 patients, 11 (7.3%) showed ATCME; CD2 and CD7 were most often expressed. ATCME was less often detected and the signal was weaker using IHC. There were no statistically significant differences in clinical features between the two groups. Conclusions: FCM may be useful to detect ATCME in a small amount of lymphoma cells. The mechanism responsible for ATCME, and whether it contributes in any way to the pathogenesis of B-cell neoplastic transformation, requires clarification.

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