We report two cases of human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8)-negative large B-cell lymphoma involving pericardial and/or pleural effusion that regressed after drainage alone. Case 1 is a 70-year-old man showing massive pericardial effusion. Cytology of the drained effusion showed monotonous infiltration of CD3-, CD20+, CD79a+, and CD138- large B-cells. Monoclonality was shown by Southern blot analysis. Case 2 is a 70-year-old man with massive pericardial and bilateral pleural effusion. Cytology of pericardial effusion showed infiltration of CD20+, CD45RO-, CD138-, immunoglobulin lambda chain+, and kappa chain- large B cells. In both cases, effusion resolved after drainage and no relapse has been observed. HHV-8 was not demonstrated in either case. Clinical presentation of our two cases resembled primary effusion lymphoma (PEL), but cytomorphology, immunophenotype, and prognosis were clearly distinct from those of PEL. HHV-8-negative effusion lymphomas might include prognostically favorable self-limited tumors that could regress without any cytotoxic therapy.

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.