Objective: To evaluate the treatment efficacy and tolerance of anti-human T lymphocyte porcine immunoglobulin (p-ALG) plus cyclosporine A (CsA) in acquired severe aplastic anemia (SAA). Method: Forty-eight SAA patients [31 males and 17 females; 17 with very SAA (VSAA)] were treated with p-ALG plus CsA and were analyzed retrospectively according to early mortality, response rate and quality, survival rate, toxicity, and complications. They were stratified further by gender, age, disease severity, interval from diagnosis to treatment, and preexisting infections. Result: The median age was 28 years (range 13–64). The interval from diagnosis to treatment was 45 days. The median neutrophil count was 0.178 × 109/l. The overall response was 83.3% (54.2% complete and 29.2% partial) with a 90-day median time (range 23–380), and 10.4% died of infection within 30 days. The 1.5-year survival was 87.5%. vSAA patients had less response, a higher early mortality, and less survival (64.7, 29.4, 51.8%) compared to SAA patients (93.5, 0, and 100%, respectively; p < 0.05). Groups with different age, gender, intervals between diagnosis and treatment, and preexisting infections had the same response. Mild toxicities were observed. Conclusion: p-ALG plus CsA is a reliable and well-tolerated treatment for SAA, and it has the great advantage of a much lower cost compared to horse/rabbit ATG. VSAA was a poor predictive factor for the response rate.

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.