We evaluated the frequency of invasive fungal infections (IFI), the frequency of empirical antifungal use (EAFU), and the efficacy of fluconazole prophylaxis on IFI and EAFU after high-dose cytarabine (HiDAC) consolidations. Twenty-seven acute myelogenous leukemia patients in their first complete remission received 76 cycles of HiDAC (median cycle: n = 3). Fluconazole prophylaxis was administered following 44 cycles (fluconazole group) and not given in 32 cycles (control group). IFI (2 episodes) + EAFU (11 episodes) was observed in 13 of 76 cycles (17%); there was no difference between the fluconazole group and the control group (p = 0.469). Neutropenia duration was <13 days in 89% of the 76 cycles and was similar in the fluconazole and control groups (p = 0.845). Neutropenic fever was observed in 34 of the 76 cycles (45%) and was similar in the fluconazole group and the control group (p = 0.43). Although HiDAC cycle 1 was associated with a shorter neutropenia duration, there was no association between HiDAC cycle numbers and neutropenic fever or IFI + EAFU. HiDAC consolidations resulted in a high rate of neutropenic fever, the lack of an appreciable benefit from EAFU, and rare IFI. Most likely because of the low incidence of IFI, use of fluconazole or another antifungal is not warranted in this setting.

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.