Background/Aims: βS-Haplotype prevalence and its associations with clinical and hematological characteristics were assessed in Brazilian children with sickle cell anemia or Sβ⁰-thalassemia. Methods: A retrospective randomized cohort study was undertaken with 208 SS and 13 Sβ⁰-thalassemia children derived from the Newborn Screening Program of the state of Minas Gerais. βS-Haplotypes were determined by PCR-RFLP. Results: Thirty-nine percent of the SS subjects had the CAR/CAR genotype, 33% had CAR/Ben, 24% had Ben/Ben, 1% had CAR/Atp, 1% had Ben/Atp, and 1% had Arab-Indian/Ben; 1% could not be characterized. Of the Sβ⁰-thalassemia children, 5 were CAR/undefined, 2 were Ben/undefined, and 1 was CAM/undefined. There was no significant association between βS-haplotypes and the total Hb, Hb F, MCV, MCH, WBC, and reticulocyte count among the SS children. Likewise, no significant association was detected between βS-haplotypes and the frequency of acute chest syndrome episodes, blood transfusions, splenic sequestration, or cerebrovascular disease (high-risk/conditional transcranial Doppler ultrasonography or clinical stroke). A limited number of Sβ⁰-thalassemia children precluded valid analyses. Conclusions: The prevalence of βS-haplotypes in this study is in agreement with the historical records of African slaves brought to the state of Minas Gerais. Furthermore, βS-haplotypes CAR and Ben were not associated with any analyzed feature of children with sickle cell anemia.

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.