Thalidomide and lenalidomide are immunomodulatory drugs that show promise in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). In this study, their potential mechanisms of action against MCL cells were investigated, both alone and in combination with rituximab. Thalidomide, lenalidomide and rituximab have no direct effect on MCL cell viability. However, both immunomodulatory drugs indirectly affect viability by enhancing peripheral blood mononuclear cell-mediated cytotoxicity, with lenalidomide inducing significantly higher levels of toxicity than thalidomide. Rituximab induces both complement-dependent and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) against MCL cells. Rituximab-induced ADCC is enhanced by lenalidomide and, to a lesser extent, thalidomide. Preliminary in vivo findings in MCL patients treated with thalidomide support a role for natural killer cells in the efficacy of these drugs. In conclusion, our data support a role for immunomodulatory drugs in the treatment of MCL.

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.