Gelatinous marrow transformation (GMT) is an unusual pathological manifestation of progressive malignant diseases and severe malnutrition states. GMT has been associated with various accelerated hematological malignancies, but has never been described in patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) treated with imatinib mesylate (IM), a novel tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Herein we report 2 patients with stable chronic phase CML who developed GMT during the course of treatment with IM. A comprehensive review of the relevant published data, several possible mechanisms and therapeutic alternatives are suggested.

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