Autologous hematopoietic cells have been used as targets of gene transfer, with applications in inherited disorders, cell therapy, and acquired immunodeficiency. The types of cells include hematopoietic progenitor cells, lymphocytes, and mesenchymal stem cells. The inherited disorders thus far approached in clinical trials include severe combined immunodeficiency, common variable γ-chain immunodeficiency, chronic granulomatous disease, and Gaucher disease. Preclinical studies are vigorously under way in thalassemia, sickle cell anemia, Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome and Fanconi anemia. Clinical trials of immunological therapy with gene-modified lymphocytes are under study in the treatment of malignancies. Clinical trials using anti-viral strategies for HIV infection in combination with autologous transplantation have begun, with additional approaches being developed. Gene therapy vectors are being developed to eliminate tumor cells contaminating autologous stem cell products. However, the risk of insertional mutagenesis and the potential for development of leukemia was highlighted by the first gene therapy trials in inherited immunodeficiency syndromes that achieved a therapeutic effect. Despite the slow progress of the field to date, there is extraordinary promise for gene therapy in the future.

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.