In order to ascertain whether p53 has a role in chronic myeloid leukemia hematopoietic progenitor response to the innovative tyrosine kinase inhibitor STI571 (Imatinib), we overexpressed a wild type (wt) p53 construct in the K562 cell line, generated from a human blast crisis and lacking endogenous p53. Wt p53 overexpression was associated with a significant reduction of bcr-abl expression levels resulting, at least in part, from post-transcriptional events affecting the stability of p210 bcr-abl fusion protein. Moreover, we demonstrated that p53 overexpression enhances the commitment to the apoptotic death fate of K562 following its in vitro exposure to 1 µM STI571. Multiple mechanisms are involved in p53 impact on K562 survival: Most importantly, we found that a greater reduction of bcr-abl transcription by STI571 was associated with the overexpression of wt p53. Further studies are required to elucidate the mechanisms involved in the transcriptional repression of bcr-abl by STI571 and p53 and in their synergic effects on the clonal hematopoiesis of chronic myeloid leukemia.