Use of the term ‘idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES)’ has highlighted our basic lack of understanding of the molecular pathophysiology of eosinophilic disorders. However, over the last 10 years, the study of hypereosinophilia has enjoyed a revival. This interest has been rekindled by two factors: (1) the development of increasingly sophisticated molecular biology techniques that have unmasked recurrent genetic abnormalities linked to eosinophilia, and (2) the successful application of targeted therapy with agents such as imatinib to treat eosinophilic diseases. To date, most of these recurrent molecular abnormalities have resulted in constitutively activated fusion tyrosine kinases whose phenotypic consequence is an eosinophilia-associated myeloid disorder. Most notable among these are rearrangements of platelet-derived growth factor receptors α and β (PDGFRα, PDGFRβ), which define a small subset of patients with eosinophilic chronic myeloproliferative disorders (MPDs) and/or overlap myelodysplastic syndrome/MPD syndromes, including chronic myelomonocytic leukemia. Discovery of the cryptic FIP1L1-PDGFRA gene fusion in cytogenetically normal patients with systemic mast cell disease with eosinophilia or idiopathic HES has redefined these diseases as clonal eosinophilias. A growing list of fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 fusion partners has similarly emerged in the 8p11 myeloproliferative syndromes, which are often characterized by elevated eosinophil counts. Herein the focus is on the molecular gains made in these MPD-type eosinophilias, and the classification and clinicopathological issues related to hypereosinophilic syndromes, including the lymphocyte variant. Success in establishing the molecular basis of a group of once seemingly heterogeneous diseases has now the laid the foundation for establishing a semi-molecular classification scheme of eosinophilic disorders.

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.