A role for leukocytes in sickle cell vaso-occlusive crisis is becoming increasingly recognized. Neutrophil counts are higher in sickle cell patients and neutrophils from these patients demonstrate increased adhesion to endothelial monolayers under certain circumstances. The effects of selected cytokines on the adhesion mechanisms of normal neutrophils and neutrophils from sickle cell anaemia patients (SCA neutrophils) were investigated. Neutrophils were separated from the blood of homozygous (HbSS) SCA patients and healthy controls. Following pre-incubation (25 min, 37°C) of the cells with cytokines, the adhesion of the cells to fibronectin (FN)-coated plates (20 µg/ml) was determined (60 min, 37°C, 5% CO2). Basal adhesion of normal and SCA neutrophils to FN was not statistically different. Pretreatment of normal neutrophils with either IL-6 (10–100 pg/ml), GCSF (1– 10 ng/ml) or IL-8 (1–100 ng/ml) had no significant effect upon their adhesion to FN. In contrast, SCA neutrophil adhesion to FN was increased significantly following pre-incubation with IL-6, G-CSF and IL-8 (p < 0.01). RANTES (1–100 ng/ml) had no significant effect on either normal or SCA neutrophil adhesion to FN. Flow-cytometric analyses demonstrated that IL-8 (10 ng/ml) significantly augments CD11b (Mac-1 integrin subunit) expression on SCA neutrophils, but not normal neutrophils. IL-6 and G-CSF (10 pg/ml and 10 ng/ml, respectively), however, had no effect on SCA neutrophil adhesion molecule expression. In conclusion, SCA neutrophil adhesion mechanisms may increase in the presence of certain cytokines, in vivo, and this activation may contribute to the physiopathology of sickle cell disease.

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.