Gamma/delta T cell lymphoma is very rare, and usually occurs as an extranodal tumor. We describe the case of a 16-year-old Japanese man with an unusual nodal gamma/delta T cell lymphoma with generalized lymphadenopathy and bone marrow involvement. No tumor involvement was observed in the liver, spleen, or nasal cavity. Examination for surface antigens on lymphoma cells revealed a unique phenotype, positive for CD3 and T cell receptor (TCR) gamma/delta, but negative for CD2. Genotypic analysis revealed the tumor to be of monoclonal origin and characterized by TCR gamma-chain gene rearrangement, but there was no rearrangement of the TCR beta-chain gene. Our patient’s tumor responded to combination chemotherapy and subsequent allogeneic bone marrow transplantation from an HLA-matched unrelated donor. He has remained well and free of disease for 35 months.

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