Cases with partial trisomy 12 have rarely been found in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). We report our clinical, cytogenetic and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) findings in a CLL patient with a duplication of part of the long arm of chromosome 12 between bands q13–q22. This patient was the only case with this duplication among the 112 cases (0.9%) of CLL cytogenetically analyzed in our laboratory. FISH studies using unique-sequence specific probes for the RB-1 (retinoblastoma) gene and the D13S319 locus at the 13q14 band showed a monoallelic loss for the D13S319 locus (20% of cells) with a diploid RB-1 gene. Our case showed an atypical morphology (35% prolymphocytes), a high proliferation rate and progression of the disease, indicating that the duplication of this region may be equivalent to complete trisomy 12 in CLL patients.

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