To evaluate the effect of granulocyte/colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on the onset of the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), we investigated whether the incidence of ARDS due to pulmonary infection differed between the G-CSF group which received chemotherapy with G-CSF and historical controls without G-CSF. We evaluated 132 patients with hematological malignancy in complete remission without any main organ dysfunction who had been treated between April 1983 and December 1997. We compared the incidence of ARDS due to pulmonary infection between those who received G-CSF and those who did not. There was no remarkable difference in the number of patients, gender, age, or distribution of primary diseases between the two groups. The intensity of chemotherapy was not considered to significantly differ between the two groups, though the chemotherapy regimens administered differed slightly. In the G-CSF group, the duration of neutropenia was significantly shorter and the frequency of documented infection was significantly decreased. We could not find any relationship between ARDS due to pulmonary infection and any anticancer agent or antibiotics. There was no relationship between the kind of G-CSF and the incidence of ARDS due to pulmonary infection (per chemotherapy session; p > 0.10, per case; p > 0.30, χ2 test). The incidence of ARDS due to pulmonary infection per chemotherapy session was 4.21%, and showed a higher tendency in the G-CSF group (p < 0.100, χ2 test). The incidence of ARDS due to pulmonary infection per case was 25.4% and was significantly higher in the G-CSF group (p < 0.025, χ2 test). The incidence of ARDS due to pulmonary infection was higher in the G-CSF group than in the controls, suggesting that G-CSF promotes the development of ARDS due to pulmonary infection.

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.