A 51-year-old man presented with severe anemia, mild splenomegaly and elevated serum aspartate aminotransferase and serum alanine aminotransferase levels. The bone marrow findings were consistent with pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) with a ‘maturation arrest’ at the level of pronormoblast. The patient has been transfusion-dependent for 8 months. Following diagnosis of chronic active hepatitis due to hepatitis C virus (HCV), therapy with interferon-α was initiated. Two weeks later, the hemoglobin level stabilized, and he has not required any transfusion ever since. In spite of ongoing HCV viremia, cessation of interferon therapy, and deterioration of the liver function tests, the patient, followed for 2 years, maintains a high-normal hemoglobin level. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of prolonged PRCA corrected by interferon-α therapy, with or without an ongoing HCV infection. We speculate that the ‘maturation arrest’ of the erythroid lineage seen in the bone marrow was the result of an immune mechanism, possibly induced by the HCV, and that the elimination of this mechanism, rather than the elimination of the HCV, provided the opportunity for regeneration of erythropoiesis.

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.