We report a case of spherocytosis associated with erythrocyte band 3 deficiency. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of erythrocyte membrane proteins showed that the patient’s band 3 was reduced to about 80% of the control level. Molecular analysis revealed that this quantitative alteration was accompanied by a novel base change at codon 837 (ACG→GCG) of the AE1 gene, resulting in substitution of alanine for threonine. In bone marrow mononuclear cells, both mutant and wild-type mRNA were comparably detected, suggesting that this mutation interfered with band 3 processing or assembly, leading to impaired accumulation of mutant band 3 in the plasma membrane.

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