Introduction: Myxoid soft tissue tumors represent a heterogenous group of neoplasms. The study presented our experience on cytopathology of myxoid soft tissue tumors on fine needle aspiration (FNA) and aimed to apply the recently proposed WHO system for reporting soft tissue cytopathology. Material and Methods: We performed a 20-year retrospective search of our archives to identify all FNAs performed on myxoid soft tissue lesions. All cases were reviewed, and the WHO reporting system was applied. Results: 129 FNAs performed in 121 patients (62 males; 59 females) showed a prominent myxoid component, accounting for 2.4% of all soft tissue FNAs. The FNAs were performed on 111 (86.7%) primary tumors, 17 (13.2%) recurrent tumors, and one (0.8%) metastatic lesion. A spectrum of non-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions including both benign and malignant neoplasms was identified. Overall, the most common tumors identified were myxoid liposarcoma (27.1%), intramuscular myxoma (15.5%), and myxofibrosarcoma (13.1%). The sensitivity and specificity of FNA regarding the nature of the lesion (benign vs. malignant) were 98% and 100%, respectively. When the WHO reporting system was applied, the frequency of the categories was as follows: benign (7.8%), atypical (34.1%), soft tissue neoplasm of uncertain malignant potential (18.6%), suspicious for malignancy (3.1%), and malignant (36.4%). The risk of malignancy calculated in each category was as follows: benign (10%), atypical (31.8%), soft tissue neoplasm of uncertain malignant potential (50%), suspicious for malignancy (100%), and malignant (100%). Conclusion: A diverse group of non-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions can show a prominent myxoid component on FNA. The WHO reporting system for soft tissue cytopathology is easily applicable and appears to correlate well with the malignant potential of myxoid tumors.

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