Introduction: The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of estradiol-producing ovarian tumors, including surface epithelial-stromal tumors, on the cervical cytology of postmenopausal women. Methods: This case-controlled study included 160 postmenopausal women who underwent a gynecological surgery between January 2009 and December 2016. The relationship between serum estradiol levels and the maturation index of cervical cytology was examined. Patients with ovarian tumors and a high estradiol level (≥28 pg/mL) constituted the estradiol-producing ovarian tumor group (30 women, including 23 with surface epithelial-stromal tumors). The maturation index of this group was compared with that of the control group (130 women with normal estradiol levels [<28 pg/mL] with either ovarian tumors or uterine tumors). Results: For all patients, the serum estradiol levels were significantly correlated with the maturation index (p < 0.001, r = 0.65). The maturation index of the estradiol-producing ovarian tumor group was significantly higher than that of the control group (0.67 ± 0.21 vs. 0.075 ± 0.16, p < 0.001). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for the maturation index was 0.94. The best maturation index cut-off level for estradiol-producing ovarian tumors was 0.20. Using this cut-off, the sensitivity and specificity were 94% and 82%, respectively. Conclusion: Estradiol-producing ovarian tumors influence cervical epithelial maturation in postmenopausal women. An increased maturation index may trigger the early detection of asymptomatic ovarian tumors.

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.