Background: Thyroid fine needle aspiration (T-FNA) is a mainstay in management of thyroid nodules. However, the preparation of T-FNA specimens varies across institutions. Prior studies have compared diagnostic rates between different specimen preparations of T-FNA specimens and their associated advantages and disadvantages. However, few have compared the rates of all diagnostic categories of The Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (TBSRTC) between liquid-based preparations (LBPs) and a combination of LBP and conventional smear (CS) preparations. Our study compares TBSRTC diagnostic rates between these 2 cohorts and correlates cytologic diagnoses with subsequent thyroid resections to evaluate rates of neoplasia (RON) and malignancy (ROM). Methods: 584 consecutive thyroid FNA specimens were collected and stratified by preparation type (ThinPrep [TP] vs. CS & TP). Diagnostic rates for each TBSRTC diagnostic category were calculated. The institution’s electronic medical records database was searched for histologic diagnoses of previously sampled thyroid nodules to evaluate the RON and ROM. Results: Of 584 thyroid FNA specimens, 73 (12.5%) and 511 (87.5%) were evaluated by TP only and CS & TP, respectively, reflecting the predominance of rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE) with CS for T-FNAs at our institution. Of the TP only and CS & TP cohorts, 29 (39.7%) and 98 (19.2%) had subsequent resections, respectively. The frequency of non-diagnostic cases was lower in the CS & TP cohort (12.7% vs. 26%). While the diagnostic rate of follicular lesion of undetermined significance was similar for both cohorts, SFN categorization was only utilized in the CS & TP cohort (1.5% vs. 0%). Although RON and ROM were similar between cohorts in many of the TBSRTC categories, there was a higher RON associated with non-diagnostic specimens in the TP only cohort when the denominator included all non-diagnostic cases. Conclusion: The combination of CS and LBP may potentially decrease the non-diagnostic rate of T-FNA specimens as well as the number of passes required for diagnosis, particularly with ROSE. Evaluation of morphologic features highlighted in conventional smears may facilitate diagnostic categorization in the “suspicious for follicular neoplasm” category.

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.