Objective: This study aims to determine the diagnostic utility of the International Academy of Cytology (IAC) Yokohama System for reporting breast cytopathology in lesions of the male breast. Study Design: Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) reports between 2015 and 2019 were retrospectively recategorized according to the 5-tiered IAC Yokohama Reporting System. Our database yielded a total of 1,532 FNAB reports from breast lesions, obtained from 1,350 male patients. The risk of malignancy (ROM) and diagnostic performance of FNAB were determined using follow-up histopathological diagnosis and/or clinical follow-up, where available, for each category. Results: The category distribution were as follows: inadequate, 40%; benign, 57%; atypical, 0.6%; suspicious for malignancy, 0.7%; and malignant, 1.6%. The ROM in each category was nondiagnostic, 11%; benign, 3%; atypical, 28%; suspicious for malignancy, 56%; and malignant, 100%. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were recorded as 63, 100, 100, and 84.6% respectively, when only malignant cases were considered as positive tests. Conclusion: This study validates the IAC Yokohama System for reporting male breast cytopathology. In accordance with the aim of the Yokohama System to establish best practice guidelines for reporting breast cytopathology, this comprehensive scheme facilitates comparisons between local and international institutions. The ROM acts as an internal audit for quality assurance within one’s own laboratory and provides guidance for clinical management. It highlights inefficiencies such as high inadequacy rates for category 1 and also features strengths with impressive specificity for categories 4 and 5.

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.