Rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE) is one of cytopathology’s “unique selling propositions.” The quality, speed, and ease of handling of the staining used is a critical factor for the efficacy of the ROSE procedure. Here, we describe a modification of rapid toluidine blue staining that can be performed within 25 s, provides excellent nuclear morphology, and is compatible with subsequent Papanicolaou staining of the slides. Furthermore, exposure to hazardous chemicals is minimized, as no organic solvents other than the alcohol-based fixative and glycerin for temporary mounting and coverslipping are required. We have used this protocol successfully in our ROSE practice and have not observed any discrepancies between toluidine blue- and permanent Papanicolaou-stained slides.

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