Introduction: The Acibadem Health Group (AHG) has been using telepathology/digital pathology stations since 2006. In 2013, the system was changed from videoconferencing to digital pathology (whole-slide imaging) utilizing 3DHISTECH scanners and software. In 2017, digital cytology started to be used for routine cytopathologic diagnosis for thyroid fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cases. Material and Methods: Two hundred and twenty-seven thyroid cases were received for analysis using telecytology (TC) during the period from November 2017 to May 2018. Rapid on-site evaluation was performed at the Atakent Hospital of the AHG by a cytotechnologist and scanned on the same day. For every case, there were Diff-Quik- and Papanicolaou-stained FNA smears. Each glass slide was digitized with a 3DHISTECH whole-slide scanner in 1 focal Z-plane at ×40 magnification. Results: Two hundred and twenty-seven thyroid FNA specimens were retrieved, of which 25 had histologic follow-up. Samples were classified as nondiagnostic in 3%, benign in 74%, atypia of undetermined significance/follicular lesion of undetermined significance in 13%, suspicious for follicular neoplasia/follicular neoplasia in 3%, suspicious for malignancy in 4%, and malignant in 3%. When only the “suspicious for malignancy” and “malignancy” categories were considered positive tests, cytology sensitivity and specificity using TC for diagnosis was 100%. Conclusions: Our data demonstrate that TC is suitable to provide a primary diagnosis in daily routine cytology practice. Despite the promising results, there were some challenges stemming from the novelty of using TC for the primary diagnosis. The study also addresses both advantages and disadvantages of TC in daily practice to increase the efficiency of the technique in primary diagnosis.

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