Background: Thyroid cancer accounts for 1% of cancer cases in developed countries, in which papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common type. There are multiple variants of PTC described to date, some of them with aggressive behavior and poor clinical outcome. These variants are well described and accepted in recent guidelines of many international societies, and the prognostic and management implications are well laid out. Due to their established clinical importance and to guide appropriate surgical management, it is now imperative in clinical practice, including cytopathology, to differentiate aggressive variants from nonaggressive ones. This review aims to describe the variants of PTC and to provide a practical algorithmic approach to facilitate the cytological diagnosis of these variants. Summary: Subtyping PTC variants on fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is challenging even for the most experienced cytopathologist. To facilitate a correct subtyping on FNAC, we propose a stepwise approach that is mainly designed for conventional smear methodology. This approach requires first to stratify the lesions into oncocytic and nononcocytic features before analyzing further details in cell morphology and pattern. Key Messages: (1) Subtyping in PTC is possible on cytopathology. (2) The main aim of the cytopathologist is to differentiate aggressive from nonaggressive variants. (3) The subtyping of PTC can help in the surgical management of the patients.

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.