Neuroendocrine tumors (NET) and carcinomas (NEC) of the breast are rare diseases, but NEC has attracted attention in both cytopathology and surgical pathology because of its specific management and prognosis. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) cytology can make the diagnosis in many cases particularly with high-grade NEC, with definitive diagnosis based on histopathology and immunohistochemistry. This review describes the characteristics of the disease based on the WHO classification 2012 and recent literature and -includes discussion related to the International Academy of Cytology Yokohama System of Reporting Breast FNAB -cytology.
This content is only available via PDF.
© 2019 S. Karger AG, Basel
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.