Objective: To determine whether high-risk types of human papilloma virus (hrHPV) DNA testing is reliable for selection patients in need of further investigation with colposcopy in women with increased risk of high-grade cervical lesions as a result of false negative cytology. The secondary objective was to compare the sensitivity of hrHPV testing on self-collected versus physician-collected samples for the detection of histological high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2+). Methods: Sixty-three patients identified with a missed abnormality following the re-evaluation of benign cervical cytology were included. A patient-collected and a physician-collected sample for HPV, colposcopy and cervical specimen collection for histology and cytology were performed. Results: The sensitivity of hrHPV testing of physician-collected samples for CIN2+ was 100% (95% CI 82.7–100), and the negative predictive value (NPV) was 100% (95% CI 93.3–100). The sensitivity of the self-sampling device to identify CIN2+ was 84.6% (95% CI 59.1–96.7), and the NPV was 94.4% (95% CI 83.4–98.8). The differences in the sensitivity and NPV between the 2 methods were non-significant. The agreement between the 2 methods regarding the HPV results was good, with a kappa value of 0.74 (95% CI 0.57–0.91). Conclusion: The current findings indicate that physician-collected samples for hrHPV DNA testing may be used as triage for the colposcopy of women with false negative cytology.

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