Objectives: To assess the cytological findings of noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasms with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP), conventional papillary thyroid carcinomas (C-PTC), and invasive follicular variants of papillary thyroid carcinomas (IFV-PTC) to determine if there are cytological differences between groups. Study Design: We have reviewed all thyroid fine-needle aspiration cytology samples diagnosed between 2000 and 2017. We have included all NIFTP cases (n = 6) and randomly selected cases of C-PTC (n = 14) and IFV-PTC (n = 8). Results: Comparing NIFTP and C-PTC cases, NIFTP cases showed significantly less papillary or pseudopapillary architecture, more bidimensional groups and microfollicles, and less tridimensionality, giant cells, and nuclear folds. We observed a trend towards significance for smear cellularity and amount of cytoplasm. Presence of nuclear folds was the only significant difference between NIFTP and IFV-PTC cases. The differences between groups in percent papillary or pseudopapillary architecture, cellularity, and tridimensionality showed a trend towards significance. Amount of colloid, dirty background, pleomorphism or atypia, nuclear pseudoinclusions, type of chromatin, and nucleolus were not significant. Conclusions: No cytopathological feature can differentiate between invasive and encapsulated IFV-PTC. In accordance with the recently accepted category, PTC smears with cells arranged in a predominantly follicular architecture should be reported as Bethesda IV category with descriptive terms to avoid false-positive cases.

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