Background: Specific cytological criteria for the luminal phenotype of breast carcinoma, despite it being the most common and having a better prognosis as well as targeted therapies under study, remain to be established. Using fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), we aimed to identify the luminal phenotype through the evaluation of cytological criteria recognized in routine practice. Methods: We correlated 169 FNACs of breast carcinomas with their tissue specimens, classified into phenotypes by immunohistochemistry (applying tissue microarray technology) as luminal A, luminal B, HER2 overexpression, and triple negative. All FNAC samples were blindly reviewed according to cellularity, cell cohesion, necrosis, nucleoli, and nuclear atypia. Fisher's exact test was used to test associations between the cytological criteria and phenotypes. Results: The following phenotypes were obtained - luminal A: 107 (63.3%), luminal B: 39 (23.1%), HER2 overexpression: 8 (4.7%), and triple negative: 15 (8.9%). The luminal phenotype showed mild/moderate cellularity (40.4%) (OR = 7.12, 95% CI: 1.61-31.52), inconspicuous, present nucleoli (55.5%) (OR = 8.31, 95% CI: 2.36-29.19), and mild/moderate nuclear atypia (44.5%) (OR = 8.42, 95% CI: 1.90-37.25). Conclusion: The criteria that might indicate the luminal phenotype of breast carcinoma in FNAC were mild/moderate cellularity, inconspicuous, present, and nonprominent nucleoli, and mild/moderate nuclear atypia.

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.