Objective: Malignant effusions due to papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) are rare, but portend a poor prognosis. PTC metastases, although rare, most frequently occur in the lungs and bone. Therefore, differentiating thyroid etiology of malignant effusions from other sites becomes clinically significant in patient management. This study examines morphologic and immunocytochemical findings in 5 cases of malignant effusions with PTC involvement. Study Design: The electronic database at the University of Michigan was searched from January 1, 1995 to December 31, 2014 for malignant pleural effusions with PTC involvement. Clinicopathologic data were obtained from electronic medical records. Cytologic slides were reviewed. Results: Five cases of malignant effusions due to PTC were identified. Characteristic cytologic features of PTC, including ovoid nuclei, irregular nuclear contours, and psammomatous calcifications, were seen. However, the predominant cytologic feature observed was moderate amounts of delicate to vacuolated cytoplasm within the tumor cells. A review of immunocytochemistry demonstrated that all 5 cases showed patchy to diffuse TTF-1 positivity and diffuse positivity for Pax-8. Thyroglobulin only showed focal to patchy positivity in 3 of 5 cases. Conclusion: Given the morphologic features found in our case series, an immunocytochemical workup for the evaluation of involvement of an effusion by a thyroid primary is crucial for accurate diagnosis and appropriate clinical treatment.

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.