This is a follow-up study to our previous analysis of thyroid aspirates utilizing the Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytology (BSRTC). The same study design was utilized for 2 years comparing 2 periods. A total of 251 thyroid aspirates from 218 patients were reviewed and deemed comparable to the previous cohort. The variance and consequently the number of interpretations dropped from 26 to 11 with a statistically significant 58% reduction and more consistency. Our unsatisfactory rate dropped from 22 to 10% (reduction of 55%). The risk of malignancy in this follow-up study showed a similar trend: an increase in risk with each step up in the BSRTC categories starting from the ‘nondiagnostic' and up to ‘malignant'. Few of our benign cases ended up with resection. We noticed sensitivity to the word ‘follicular' in this benign category; therefore we propose a modification of the current BSRTC system by omitting the word ‘follicular' from the benign category. We strongly believe that this modification harbors no serious damage to the intentions of BSRTC. This follow-up study has shown that the previous awareness campaign about the implementation has worked and can be considered a valid performance improvement program.

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