Background: Epithelioid trophoblastic tumor (ETT) is a rare gestational trophoblastic neoplasm of intermediate trophoblasts. It was first described by Shih and Kurman [Am J Surg Pathol 1998;22:1393-1403] who outlined its clinicopathologic characteristics in 14 cases, establishing it as a distinct entity of gestational trophoblastic tumors. It represents 1.39% of all gestational trophoblastic diseases. Most cases are reported in reproductive-age women following a prior gestation with a time interval between 2 weeks and 30 years. ETT is extremely rare in postmenopausal women. It is commonly misdiagnosed as a squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), poorly differentiated carcinoma or another gestational trophoblastic tumor. Limited data is available regarding its cytological features on Pap smears. Cases: We report 2 cases of uterine ETT occurring in postmenopausal women. In both cases, an initial diagnosis of an SCC and a poorly differentiated carcinoma was rendered. We highlight the features of ETT helpful in differentiating it from other mimickers with emphasis on rarely reported cytological features of this neoplasm. Conclusion: ETT is a rare tumor with characteristic cytological features, but is commonly confused with SCC. A high index of suspicion is needed to make the correct diagnosis or to raise the consideration of ETT, especially in cases with an increased β-human chorionic gonadotropin.

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.