Background: Epithelioid trophoblastic tumor (ETT) is a rare gestational trophoblastic neoplasm of intermediate trophoblasts. It was first described by Shih and Kurman [Am J Surg Pathol 1998;22:1393-1403] who outlined its clinicopathologic characteristics in 14 cases, establishing it as a distinct entity of gestational trophoblastic tumors. It represents 1.39% of all gestational trophoblastic diseases. Most cases are reported in reproductive-age women following a prior gestation with a time interval between 2 weeks and 30 years. ETT is extremely rare in postmenopausal women. It is commonly misdiagnosed as a squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), poorly differentiated carcinoma or another gestational trophoblastic tumor. Limited data is available regarding its cytological features on Pap smears. Cases: We report 2 cases of uterine ETT occurring in postmenopausal women. In both cases, an initial diagnosis of an SCC and a poorly differentiated carcinoma was rendered. We highlight the features of ETT helpful in differentiating it from other mimickers with emphasis on rarely reported cytological features of this neoplasm. Conclusion: ETT is a rare tumor with characteristic cytological features, but is commonly confused with SCC. A high index of suspicion is needed to make the correct diagnosis or to raise the consideration of ETT, especially in cases with an increased β-human chorionic gonadotropin.

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