Objective: Specific subclassification of pulmonary non-small cell carcinoma (NSCCA) is clinically necessary, and the aim of this study is to examine the utilization of p40 (ΔNp63) in fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy for lung NSCCA. Study Design: Database files of the Washington University Medical Center were searched. Patients who underwent endobronchial ultrasound and CT FNA of a primary lung neoplasia were selected and immunohistochemistry (IHC) was performed. A panel of markers was utilized, including p40, p63, cytokeratin (CK) 5/6, thyroid transcription factor, and napsin. Results: One hundred patients were identified and comprised 38 squamous cell carcinomas (SCCA), 46 adenocarcinomas (AdCA), and 16 NSCCA. For SCCA, p40 was positive in 34/38 cases (89%) and negative in 4/38 cases (11%); p63 was positive in 33/38 cases (87%) and negative in 5/38 cases (13%); CK5/6 was positive in 38/38 cases. For AdCA cases, p40 was negative, p63 was positive in 2 cases (5%) and CK5/6 was negative in 43/46 cases (92%). Conclusion: For NSCCA, p40 had 89% sensitivity and 100% specificity compared to p63 with 86% sensitivity and 96% specificity and CK5/6 with 100% sensitivity and 96% specificity. In the evaluation of FNA biopsy for pulmonary NSCCA, p40 is a useful IHC marker for neoplastic subclassification, with better specificity in comparison to p63.

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