Background: Presentation of granulocytic sarcoma (GS) as an effusion is very rare and most cases are misdiagnosed as lymphoma infiltration. Detailed descriptions of cytological features of GS in an effusion have not been published to date. Case Report: We present the case of a 35-year-old male who presented clinically with a mediastinal mass, peripheral lymphadenopathy and pleural/pericardial effusion. His effusion cytology showed an atypical morphology. Immature cells with marked nuclear indentation/convolution, fine nuclear chromatin, conspicuous nucleoli and a moderate amount of cytoplasm were seen, without any granularity. GS was suspected based on the abnormal nuclear contours and fine nuclear chromatin, and was confirmed by lymph node fine needle aspiration and biopsy with immunocytochemistry. Conclusion: Abnormal nuclear contours are a significant marker in effusion cytology and provide an important morphological clue to the diagnosis of a myeloid malignancy in addition to fine nuclear chromatin especially in the absence of cytoplasmic granularity. In this case, these features helped to suspect the diagnosis despite a clinical scenario suggestive of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.