Objective: The usefulness of 2 novel biomarkers in pancreatic surgical and cytological specimens that could reliably differentiate non-neoplastic pancreatic duct and benign gut epithelium from pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) was evaluated. Study Design: A total of 14 pancreatic resection specimens (RSs), 23 endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspirations (EUS-FNAs) of PDA and 8 benign pancreatic EUS-FNAs were selected. Twelve of 14 RSs had corresponding EUS-FNAs with cell blocks (CBs). Non-neoplastic pancreatic tissue, including chronic pancreatitis, was evaluated in all RSs. Immunohistochemical stains for S100P and X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) were performed on tissue and CB sections. Staining intensity (0 no staining; 1+ weak; 2+ moderate; 3+ strong) and proportion of positive cells (less than 10% negative; 1+ 10–25%; 2+ 26–75%; 3+ greater than 75%) were assessed. Positive staining was defined as ≧10% cells with at least 1+ intensity. Results: The sensitivity and specificity of S100P and XIAP immunoreactivity for a diagnosis of PDA in RSs were both 100%. In contrast, the sensitivity and specificity in EUS-FNA CBs of S100P were 78.2 and 87.5% and of XIAP 82.6 and 50.0%, respectively. The combined sensitivity of S100P and XIAP was 100% in 12 RSs and 83.3% in the corresponding EUS-FNA CBs. Conclusion: Two novel biomarkers have very high sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of PDA in RSs. S100P has slightly lower sensitivity and higher specificity of PDA than XIAP in EUS-FNA specimens. We recommend using both biomarkers as cytological diagnostic adjuncts, especially in difficult cases of well-differentiated PDA versus reactive ductal epithelium.

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.