In the female bird sperm is stored in a quiescent mode, but full motility is needed for successful fertilisation. Regulation of sperm motility is thus of vital interest and the pH is a factor of importance. For this reason the localisation of carbonic anhydrase in the vagina, uterovaginal junction and infundibulum was studied with a histochemical method. Carbonic anhydrase catalyses the reaction C02 + H20 < – > H+ + HCO-3 and is known to take significant part in acid-base regulation in the body. The enzyme was found in all regions with the highest activity, both cytoplasmic and membrane-bound, in the non-ciliated cells of the uterovaginal surface epithelium. Intense membrane-bound activity was also found in both the infundibular grooves and glands with slightly less in the sperm storage tubules and vaginal epithelium. Occasionally cytoplasmic and nuclear staining was seen. Changes in pH affect sperm motility and our results provide the first evidence for cellular mechanisms that makes rapid changes of the pH possible in these regions. Judging from the distribution of carbonic anhydrase we suggest two possible functions: (1) increasing pH and/or adding bicarbonate ions to stimulate sperm motility needed for the transfer to the storage sites and at fertilisation, and (2) a lowering of the pH in the sperm storage sites to keep the sperm quiescent during storage.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.