Effects of epinephrine treatment on the rat parathyroid gland were studied morphologically. The mean number of storage granules per cell section (NSG) was rapidly decreased as early as 5 min after an injection of epinephrine and seemed to reach a minimum between 5 and 30 min. During this period, serum calcium levels (SCL) gradually rose and reached a maximum at 30 min. The ultrastructure of chief cells in these epinephrine-injected rats showed no marked difference as compared with that in control rats. In slightly hypocalcemic rats, induced previously by 2% EDTA-treatment, NSG was more rapidly decreased. It was suggested that storage granules may be released promptly by epinephrine treatments in spite of high SCL and that they are more promptly released under hypocalcemia.

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